Judo is a Japanese martial art that was derived from other forms of unarmed combat known as jui jitsu. The founder of judo, Professor Jigoro Kano took what he felt were the most effective techniques from these other styles and created judo. In 1882 Professor Kano opened the Kodokan Judo Institute in Tokyo and started promoting and teaching judo.
The word Judo has two parts, ju which means “gentle” and do which means “the way” so the word judo literally means the gentle way. Judo uses throwing techniques to lift and throw opponents to their backs. The other aspect of judo involves grappling where pins, chokes, and arm locks are used to control or force your opponent to submit.
As well as being a martial art and form of self defense, judo is also an Olympic and Paralympic Sport. Judo became a full medal sport for men in the 1964 games in Tokyo and for women in the 1992 games in Barcelona. It was added to the Paralympic program for men in the 1988 games in Soul, and for women in the 2004 games in Athens.